Download/Embed scientific diagram | Circular polariscope setup. from publication: Digital image analysis around isotropic points for photoelastic pattern . generated experimentally by a circular polariscope and the phase distribution is The polariscope is an optical system [13, 14] that utilizes. Experimental Stress Analysis Department of Mechanical Engineering Page 10 2) Circular polariscopes It employs circularly polarized light.

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These can be obtained through photoelastic techniques. The two basic kinds of setup used are plane polariscope and circular polariscope. In a circular polariscope setup two quarter- wave plates are added to the experimental setup of the plane polariscope. Noselli, Localized stress percolation through dry masonry walls.

When a ray of light passes through a photoelastic material, its electromagnetic wave components are resolved along the two principal stress directions and each component experiences a different refractive index due to the birefringence.

File:Transmission Circular – Wikimedia Commons

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Due to optical interference of the two waves, a fringe pattern is revealed. The first step is to build a model, using photoelastic materials, which has geometry similar to the polaridcope structure under investigation.

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The light source can either emit monochromatic light or white light depending upon the experiment. Dal Corso and D. Photoelastic experiments also informally referred to as photoelasticity are an important tool for determining critical stress points in a material, and are used for determining stress concentration in irregular geometries.

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The difference in the cirdular indices leads to a relative phase retardation between the two components. Newnham, “Properties of Materials: Thus they are the lines which join the points with equal maximum shear stress magnitude.

International Journal of Fracture,91— The experimental procedure relies on the property of birefringenceas exhibited by certain transparent materials.

File:Transmission Circular Polariscope.svg

Information such as maximum shear stress and its orientation are available by analyzing the birefringence with an instrument called a polariscope. Cambridge University Press, Part II — Modelling. This eliminates the problem of differentiating between the isoclinics and the isochromatics. The polariscope combines the different polarization states of polariscopr waves before and after passing the specimen.


The working principle of a two-dimensional experiment allows the measurement of retardation, which can be converted to the difference between the first and second principal stress and their orientation.


The effect of adding the quarter-wave plate after the source-side polarizer is that we get circularly polarized light passing through the sample. By studying the fringe pattern one can determine the state of stress at various points in circualr material.

The experimental setup varies from experiment to experiment. The number of fringe order N is denoted as. This condition is achieved when the thickness of the prototype is much smaller as compared to dimensions in the plane. At the same time, much development occurred in the field — great improvements were achieved in technique, and the equipment was simplified. With the advent of the digital polariscope — made possible by light-emitting diodes — continuous monitoring of structures under load became possible.

Views Read Edit View history. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bifurcation Theory and Material Instability. The property of birefringence or double refraction is observed in many optical crystals.