Antonie van Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft on 24 October In , van Leeuwenhoek was apprenticed to a textile merchant, which is where he probably . Antony van Leeuwenhoek was an unlikely scientist. A tradesman of Delft, Holland, Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft on October 24, (His last name. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is regarded as the ‘Father of Microbiology’ and is known for his pioneering works in relation to microorganisms.

Author: Zulkirn Kajind
Country: Japan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Education
Published (Last): 10 June 2017
Pages: 450
PDF File Size: 14.2 Mb
ePub File Size: 11.46 Mb
ISBN: 232-9-70239-608-9
Downloads: 37445
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Gardalkis

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Using his high-quality lenses with a very short focal length he was the first to document single-celled organisms like bacteria and spermatozoa.

A largely self-taught man in leeuenhoek, he is commonly known as ” the Father of Microbiology “, and one of the first microscopists and microbiologists. These works are richly illustrated with Leeuwenhoeks drawings, which are of fundamental importance to histologic anatomy. Letter of June 12, Bacterium comes from the greek Bakterion that means a small rod antoon staff.

By using this site, you agree to allow cookies to be placed. The great Dutch microscopist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek devoted his long life to microscopical studies and was probably leeuwrnhoek first to see and describe bacteria, reporting his results to the Royal Society of London. Retrieved 16 Jan Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. In his observations on rotifers inLeeuwenhoek remarked that in all falling rain, carried from gutters into water-butts, animalcules are to be found; and that in all kinds of water, standing in the open air, animalcules can turn up.


He even made observations of the rare and deadly muscular anomaly he was suffering from, which eventually led to his death. This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only.

At that time, developing the idea of the glasses used by drapers to inspect the quality of cloth, he constructed his first simple microscope or magnifying glasses, consisting of a minute lens, ground by hand from a globule of glass, clamped between two small perforated metal anto. A man unto himself Despite his achievements and the respect he leeuwehhoek in the Royal Society of London, Leeuwenhoek remained in relative scientific isolation. Leeuwenhoek’s Microscopic Natural History”.

Compound microscopes that is, microscopes using more than one leeuwenhofk had been invented aroundnearly forty years before Leeuwenhoek was born. That was the year his wife died, and two years later Leeuwenhoek made one of the only two foreign trips that he took in his lifetime, visiting the chalk hills of Gravesend and Rochester in Kent. United Nations UNinternational organization established on October 24, Hooke’s compound microscope, on the other hand, was only able to provide between 40 and 50 magnification.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632 – 1723)

A portrait of Antonie van Leeuwenhoek — by Jan Verkolje. He made about microscopes with a different magnification. Van Leeuwenhoek’s interest in microscopes and a familiarity with glass processing led to one of the most significant, biiography simultaneously well-hidden, technical insights in the history of science. It was through his letters – more than of them, written to private scientists and amateurs in both Holland and other countries – that Leeuwenhoek made his work known.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoekborn October 24,DelftNetherlands—died August 26,DelftDutch microscopist who was the first to observe bacteria and protozoa.


Phycoplast Phragmoplast Flagellar apparatus. At the time of his appointment in he had already begun to broaden his scientific horizons, studying navigation, astronomy, mathematics and natural sciences.

Microscopic anatomy In biology: This page was last edited on 24 Novemberat The combination of his extensive experience using glass beads as magnifying aids and interest in lens making would ultimately lead to one of the biggest insights, though jealously protected technical insights in the history of leeuwenhoeo. He made his postage-stamp-sized microscopes by hand, and the best of them could resolve details around 0.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Margriet, Geertruyt, Neeltje, and Catharina. However, because of various technical difficulties leeuwenhoeek building them, early compound microscopes increased the problem of chromatic aberration and were not practical for magnifying objects more than about twenty or thirty times natural size. His uncle was a lawyer and helped Antonie with basic literacy and numeracy, biograpyy the education he had received in local schools.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Antonie’s term “animalcule” would later be replaced with the modern term bacterium in Anatomica seu interiora rerum. Later he would hold the positions of surveyor and wine gauger. His “very leeuwenhork animalcules” were isolated from various sources including rainwater, pond, and well water, the human mouth, and intestine, to name but a few.